Novel Rating

Book image

 

Alex Rider, Stormbreaker

-Anthony Horowitz

Rating-

3-5 Stars

I liked the overall plot of the story. Since it was a thriller there was not much detection going on, just action. This made the book exciting but, it was easy to follow and I wish there were more red herrings. The book was written well. I liked the plot and the main character. I however did not like how easy it was for him to solve the mystery. It could have had more detection and less action. I believe this would make it a better book.

I would not recommend this story to be read in class. This book although it has a good plot has barely any detection whatsoever. This makes it hard to write about detection. The book does not have detection because it is a thriller. This book did not work well for the mystery self studies. The antagonist was known from the start. This made it not much of a challenge to guess who it was.

The Great Tempera Experiment, Part 2

What are we doing in this project?
• What are the objectives of this project?

The objectives are to capture the value in the facial feature chosen. I myself have chosen the eye. I need to use proportion and value to capture the eye.
• What is your goal for this project?

My goal is to make my eye look similar to the picture. I want to capture all of the value in my eye. I also want my eye to have proper proportions.
• How will you accomplish this goal?

I will try to be very observant of my image. I will try and make it look very real. I have already made my sketch exactly the same size as the eye in the image. I used measurements to do this.
• At what stage are you in this project?

We are at the sketching stage. We have already made the initial sketch of the outline.

II. Take a screen shot of your Photoshop file, and add this to your post.

Screen Shot 2014-02-12 at 9.16.04 AM

• Why did you choose to paint this part of your face?

I chose this part of my face because it has a lot of value in the picture. I like how the eye looks also.
• Try to explain as best as you can, what you did. (Taking photo, cropping in Photoshop, guidelines to make the grid…)

First, we changed our image to the right size on photoshop. (5×7) We then used math to figure out what evenly goes into 7×5. We found the measurements and dragged the lines from the ruler to the exact spot. Once we finished that we put our eyes on a google drive folder. We then looked at our image of the eye and drew it on a piece of paper. We first made the exact same grid lines on the paper. I made sure to get every measurement correct. I made sure that all the parts were proportionate.
• How has the grid been helpful in the creation of your sketch?

The grid was very helpful because we could get the exact measurements of where things were. This made it the perfect size and it will be easier to paint it now.

III. Post a photo of your egg tempera experiment from yesterday.

Screen Shot 2014-02-13 at 8.43.49 PM

• What pigment did your team use?

Cocoa powder.
• Please explain your process— how did you turn this pigment into paint?

First, we ground up the cocoa powder with a pestle and mortar. We then cracked an egg. Mert ran the egg through his hands to get rid of everything around the egg yolk. We then poked it with a tooth pick. This made the inside of the yolk come out into a container. We then mixed some water in with the egg yolk. We mixed it for a few minutes. We then added the powdered cocoa to the yolk and water mixture. This caused it to turn brown. We then tried different variations. Using more water, less water, more pigment, etc. We made the scale of trials (image above).
• What did you learn about this pigment?

We learned that if we added a little more water to the mixture it had the best result. The pigment is very nice looking and is a good color brown.
• Evaluate the success of this pigment as a potential paint.

The pigment was a good paint. It was not very granular making it easy to paint with. I believe this is a very good paint for something brown.
• Thinking back to your first value scale with the powdered pastels, which pigments (the powdered pastels, or the pigments brought from home) do you think will be more successful paints to use for your piece?

I believe the pigments brought from home will be more successful. The pastels were grounded from a whole stick making it have a lot of clumps. While the things brought from home are mostly already powders. They require some grinding but not nearly as much as pastels. The colors are also a lot better because there are less clumps. Overall I believe the objects brought from home are better to paint with.

Latitude and Longitude

1. How do lines of Latitude help to determine climate? Are high latitudes or low latitudes typically warmer weather? Why is this so?

Lines of latitude determine climate because each line gets a different amount of sunlight in the year (not counting the equator). Since the world is tipped on an axis as it orbits the sun the different lines have direct sunlight. Both poles never get direct sunlight because it is on the top and bottom of the sphere this causes it to be a lot colder. The sun is a lot stronger on the closest line causing the different seasons. Such as when the sun is directly impacting the tropic of cancer the north is in summer while the south is in winter. Higher altitudes are generally colder because there is less air pressure causing the temperature to drop.
2. What is altitude?

The distance between a point of land and the sea level. You calculate altitude by imagining that the sea is directly below you and follow the height at 90o to the Earth’s surface.

3. How does altitude affect the climate?

The higher the altitude the colder it is. The higher up you get the less air pressure there is causing it to be colder. Cooler temperatures translate to less evaporation. This is why most mountains have lots of snowfall. This can also cause low areas to be very dry and not much rain falls.
4. Draw/create a sphere.

Screen Shot 2014-02-13 at 10.11.02 AM

The top line on the sphere is the Arctic Circle it never gets direct sunlight. The second line is the tropic of cancer. The tropic of cancer only gets direct sunlight in a certain time in the year. The third line is the equator. The equator always gets the same amount of sunlight. This is because it is always in the middle. The fourth line is the tropic of Capricorn. This line of latitude also gets direct sunlight one season in the year. The final line is the Antarctic circle this line never gets direct sunlight.

b) Why are these lines significant? Explain which lines are hit “head on” and those that tend to “glance off” and why?

The 3 lines of latitude that get direct sunlight sometime in the year are the tropic of cancer, the tropic of Capricorn, and the equator. The two lines of latitude that do not ever get direct sunlight are the Arctic Circle, and the Antarctic Circle. During certain seasons the earth is tipped towards the sun. So sometime during the year the sun is 90o on the tropic of cancer and the same with the tropic of Capricorn. The equator always have the exact same amount of sunlight at all times.
5. What causes seasons?

The orbit of the earth according to the sun causes seasons. When the northern hemisphere is tilted closer to the sun, it is summer time. When it is tilted away, it is winter. This changes as the earth orbits around the sun. Since the world is on an axis, the relation to the sun changes.

The Great Tempera Experiment, Part 1

What is egg tempera?/ Please include a brief history of egg tempera— when was it first used, who used it, etc.

Tempera, or egg tempera is a type of fast drying paint. It uses pigment mixed with water and yolk. Egg tempera was first made by Egyptians. It was used in some mummy’s paintings. Egg tempera is painted using stripes and layers. Egg tempera dries extremely fast making you have to paint somewhat quickly. You have to use precision to paint with the tempera. Egg tempera was a very popular paint until oil paint started being used.

Please explain how you have made your own egg tempera.

First we cracked an egg and took out the yolk. We rolled it in our hands until all the white was out of the yolk. We then poked it with a toothpick letting the yolk run out of the skin into the container. We then poured water out of the broken eggshell into the same container. After that we had someone mix the water together. We then put the pigment in and mixed it together. We then started to paint the value scale.

What is your goal for this assignment, or what do you hope to achieve?

I hope to make a good painting that uses value affectively and well. I will try to look at the shadow in my drawing and I will make it look realistic. I will try and use the correct painting style with the cross-hatching and doing multiple layers.

How successful do you think our experiment will be?

I believe the experiment will be successful because we have lots of different pigments to try and it will be interesting to see which pigment will work the best.

Do you have any suggestions or tips to help us create successful pieces?

I suggest to have lots of layers. This will make the painting have good value. This makes the painting look good and look realistic. I also suggest taking your time and do not rush the project.

Which of the pigments brought into class do you think will work best for making egg tempera? Why?
(these are located in the Grade 8 tray under the whiteboard, if you take them out, you must put them back)

I believe the green pigment will work well because it looks very fine and will be mixed well with the egg yolk. It is also vibrant so it will be very good looking.

What have you learned so far that you never knew before?

I learned that egg tempera is hard to use and is very interesting. I also learned that it takes a lot of trial and error to get the correct mixture of yolk, pigment, and water to make a perfect paint. It always has to be changed, modified, and made different before being able to use it.

Guns, Germs, and Steel

  1. At the time that the Spanish conquistador’s invaded the Inca Empire, they were armed with state of the art weaponry. Describe this weaponry:

The Spanish wielded rapiers, made of steel which the Inca’s had never seen. They had armor to protect them against the Inca’s weapons. They rode horses which the Incans had never seen making them think they were gods. The Spanish carried guns. The guns were very imposing to the Incans. The conquistadors steel swords were very sharp and could kill many people in a short period of time.

 

  1. What is Jared Diamond’s explanation for why the Spanish had advanced to steel swords while Inca’s were still making tools and weapons from bronze?

Since the Spanish were close to the Fertile Crescent they learned about metalworking. The Spanish since they had been fighting wars for a very long time wanted to make the best swords. The Spanish were very diverse so people could focus a lot of time in making these swords.

 

 

b. How did their diversified society help with this cause?

 

Since the Spanish had a very diversified society this made them able to have people specialize on doing one job. They had some of the best blacksmith sword makers in the world at that time.

 

  1. What battle tactics were used by the conquistadors to help them defeat the large Inca army?

The conquistadors surprised the Incans. They shot their guns and came out of hiding on their horses. The conquistadors used their rapiers to kill the fleeing Inca’s. The Incans, instead of standing their ground ran in fighting. Since the Incans did not know anything about this tactic they did not know how to defend against it. Since the Spanish knew about the successful battle strategies of other conquistadors they knew these tactics would work.

 

 

b. What did the Inca need to do to be successful in war?

The Inca’s needed to know how to fight against cavalry. They didn’t know how to stand their ground because they were fearful of the Spaniards. They needed to know how to have tactics. Also, to use steel weaponry. One of the reasons the Inca’s were not successful in war was because they did not have medicine. When a sword, or gun hit an Incan they are most likely going to die from infection. Also, the Spaniards got many people sick which caused them to die. If the Incans had good medicine, they could fight in war.

 

 

  1. According to Diamond, what made the Europeans “accidental conquerors”?

Because of the location the Spaniards lived they were the first to get guns, germs, and steel. This made them able to kill any lesser civilization with very little warriors. Since the Spaniards kept domestic animals many became immune to many different diseases. This is why the Incans died, because they did not have domestic animals.

 

  1. Considering the entire scope of European exploration of the new world, what was the greater impact on world history?  In other words, how did European exploration and conquest of the New World shape our world today?  Please give three specific examples.  You may use outside sources to answer this question, but please use citations.

The European explorers shaped the new world drastically. Since the explorers wanted to take over the civilizations for gold, glory, and god they decimated the civilization. This got rid of all the practices and cultures the civilization had. All of the things the new world civilizations did were lost because the Europeans destroyed everything and took over these locations. The diseases the Europeans brought killed almost all of the natives who lived in the New World civilizations. This also got rid of more culture and they never discovered what the civilizations knew or learned. The natives were also taken as slaves to the Europeans. This caused them to be taken from their homeland and put to work to do tedious tasks.

Renaissance Artists

Leonardo Da Vinci

Leonardo was born in Vinci, the republic of Florence. He was born on April 15, 1452. Leonardo came from Italy like most Renaissance Men. Leonardo was a very skilled and successful renaissance man. He studied lots of things and made beautiful elaborate painting.

Leonardo was influenced by the Greeks and Romans, but especially nature. He would observe nature and see how things worked. He wanted to find out how things worked. Therefore he would cut open animals, humans, and other things to find how they moved.

Leonardo’s artwork was very realistic. He used shadows, and other techniques to make them more realistic. Since he found out how the human body worked, he could draw it extremely well. He found out how each body part moved therefore he could draw each limb in a different place and form.

Leonardo mainly used oil paints, on different canvases. He used mainly wood but sometimes other canvases.

Leonardo’s work greatly impacted the Renaissance. Leonardo influenced many other artists/renaissance men such as Rafael, and Michelangelo. His paintings compositions and idealized figures became standard features for future renaissance artworks. Other painters tried to copy his knowledge of perspective, and anatomy. Also, his accurate observations of nature.

I personally think his work is amazing. The amount of detail and the look of his paintings are almost life like. He captured every single detail, and shadow on the human. I really like his attention to detail.

3 of Leonardo’s Paintings:

Mona Lisa, leonardo da vinci art research    The last supper leonardo da vinci art research  Lady with an ermine

 

Vinci, Leonardo da. Mona Lisa.

1503-1506. Oil on poplar.

77 cm x 53 cm.

Louvre, Paris.

 

Unknown. “Museum of Science, Boston.” Leonardo Da Vinci. Museum of Science, n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2013.

Unknown. “Leonardo Da Vinci.” Leonardo Da Vinci. BNL, n.d. Web. 11 Dec. 2013.

 

Michelangelo

Michelangelo was born on March 5th, 1475 in Caprese Republic of Florence. Michelangelo came from Italy like most other important Renaissance Men.

The work of early Renaissance masters such as Ghiberti, Ghilandaio, and Giovianni all influenced Michelangelo.

Michelangelo liked to make his work difficult. He would sculpt with marble, and paint with Fresco paint.

Michelangelo mainly impacted the Renaissance by his many paintings and sculptures. One of his most famous paintings was the Sistine Chapel. This painting was outstanding.

I really like Michelangelo’s sculptures. His sculptures were extremely realistic and looked beautiful. He made them very detailed and got every detail in the human body.

3 of Michelangelo’s Sculptures:

Bacchus Michelangelo Art Research Crucifix Michelangelo art research The Genius of Victory Michelangelo Art Research

Unknown. “Michelangelo Gallery.” Artistic Influences on Michelangelo. Auctori, 2013. Web. 12 Dec. 2013.

Unknown. “Michelangelo (Italian Artist).” Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 11 Dec. 2013.

Renaissance vs. Medieval

Medieval:

Annunciation by Simone Martini. c. 1333

Simone Martini

He was a painter from Siena, Italy.

Simone used Tempra on panel to paint this painting.

This painting is about an angel that came to Virgin Mary. In the painting she is frightened by the sudden appearance.

The angel “Gabriel” swoops into Mary’s presence. The angel says, “Hail, full of grace, the lord is with thee.” This shows that this was a painting done for religious purposes.

Renaissance:

The Incredulity of Saint Thomas, by Caravaggio

Caravaggio

He was a painter from Milan, Italy.

Caravaggio used oil on canvas to make this painting.

This painting is about Jesus, and Thomas. In the painting it depicts Jesus showing Thomas his wounds because he did not believe he was crucified.

 

The paintings from the two different eras are similar in some ways. One way is, they were both painted about religion. In the Medieval painting there is an image of Mary, and an angel. In the Renaissance painting Jesus is pictured with Thomas showing his wounds because Thomas did not believe he was crucified. The paintings are also similar in the way the artist made the paintings. They both use amazing colors to draw out the figures in the paintings. This makes them very life like and make the main focus on them. Both the paintings have humans shown in the image. The humans are painted differently but you are still able to see what they look like.

One major difference is the value used in each painting. The renaissance painting has tons of value to make the people look real. While the other painting does not use value. The renaissance painting is made in this way because during the Renaissance the painters wanted to make the people look as realistic as possible. While during the Medieval time they just wanted to portray the image of religion. They were not trying to make it look extremely realistic. Also, during the Renaissance, the painters studied how the human body functioned and moved. They cut open humans to look inside to see muscles. This made them learn about value, and how humans move. This made their paintings more realistic. The Medieval painters just wanted to hurry and get their painting completed because it was all about religion. In the renaissance, the painters tried to make them as realistic as possible because that is what they were interested in.

In the Renaissance painting, as you can tell there is a lot more value. This makes the painting look more realistic. This makes it look more realistic because without shadow the figures look flat and not real. The Renaissance artists had a lot of attention to detail. They studied and looked very closely at how shadow works. While the Medieval artists did not spend so much time looking and studying humans and shadow. The Renaissance painting differs in the amount of value. The painting has tons of value making it look very realistic. The Renaissance men tried to make everything realistic. The value in the painting is used to make the figures look 3D and living. While the Medieval painting uses some value it is not nearly as much as the Renaissance Painting. The value in the painting makes the two paintings look very different. The people in the Renaissance painting look very real because of the light reflecting off of them. While in the other painting there is no main light source, the entire painting is just bright. This makes it look flat and not as exciting as the other painting.

The Renaissance men as I said before studied and payed a lot of attention to how humans worked. The Renaissance men illegally cut open dead humans to see how they worked and moved. This made them understand what happens when a person moves a body part where. During the Renaissance it was all about making the paintings as realistic as possible. The medieval times just wanted to capture the image and did not pay much attention to how the human worked or looked.

The Renaissance artist were trying to capture what humans really looked like. They were humanists so they wanted the humans to look exactly how they look in the real world. They were trying to make the people look very realistic and alive. They added lots of shadows because it makes them look more real. The renaissance artists were still capturing religion, but not as fast and rough as the Medieval times. They actually took their time to make their beautiful masterpieces.

The Renaissance artists cut open dead humans to see how they moved. This helped them make the paintings look a lot more realistic. They also payed a lot more attention to detail such as value. They studied how the human moves, and what value does and what it is. They drew insides of people to see their bone, and muscle structure. This helped them draw very proportional, and realistic humans in their artwork.

Instead of the paintings looking flat, and having no depth the Renaissance artists started to pay attention to these things and make them realistic. The old paintings did not use value and you can tell they did not study humans. They simply thought what they would look like instead of actually studying them. The value and anatomy made the paintings look very realistic because they knew how the body worked and moved. This made the art work look more realistic.
When we cut open a fish and drew it, that helped me understand somewhat how the inside of a fish worked. We also learned a lot about value and how to use it. We did not do too much with anatomy but we did look somewhat at the anatomy of the human body and how many eyes go across the face, etc. This helped us because if now we try to draw a face, we know how long each section has to be.

I have learned how to incorporate value into my artwork. This makes my paintings look a lot more realistic and overall better. I now know how to pay really close attention to detail. This helps me make my paintings look more realistic. I have overall improved my art skills, and I hope to continue doing so.

 

 

Citations

South, Krystal. “Join Academia.edu & Share Your Research with the World.” Simone Martini, The Annunciation Altarpiece, 1333. Academia, 2006. Web. 29 Jan. 2014.

The Incredulity of Saint Thomas, by Caravaggio. 1601-02. Oil on canvas, 42 1/8 x 57 1/2 in. Neues Palais, Potsdam.

Unknown. “Annunciation by Simone Martini and Lippo Memmi.” Uffizi. Uffizi, 2013. Web. 30 Jan. 2014.

Annunciation by Simone Martini. c. 1333

Renaissance vs. Medieval Art

Medieval:

Annunciation by Simone Martini. c. 1333

Simone Martini

He was a painter from Siena, Italy.

Simone used Tempra on panel to paint this painting.

This painting is about an angel that came to Virgin Mary. In the painting she is frightened by the sudden appearance.

The angel “Gabriel” swoops into Mary’s presence. The angel says, “Hail, full of grace, the lord is with thee.” This shows that this was a painting done for religious purposes.

Renaissance:

The Incredulity of Saint Thomas, by Caravaggio

Caravaggio

He was a painter from Milan, Italy.

Caravaggio used oil on canvas to make this painting.

This painting is about Jesus, and Thomas. In the painting it depicts Jesus showing Thomas his wounds because he did not believe he was crucified.

 

The paintings from the two different eras are similar in some ways. One way is, they were both painted about religion. In the Medieval painting there is an image of Mary, and an angel. In the Renaissance painting Jesus is pictured with Thomas showing his wounds because Thomas did not believe he was crucified. The paintings are also similar in the way the artist made the paintings. They both use amazing colors to draw out the figures in the paintings. This makes them very life like and make the main focus on them. Both the paintings have humans shown in the image. The humans are painted differently but you are still able to see what they look like.

One major difference is the value used in each painting. The renaissance painting has tons of value to make the people look real. While the other painting does not use value. The renaissance painting is made in this way because during the Renaissance the painters wanted to make the people look as realistic as possible. While during the Medieval time they just wanted to portray the image of religion. They were not trying to make it look extremely realistic. Also, during the Renaissance, the painters studied how the human body functioned and moved. They cut open humans to look inside to see muscles. This made them learn about value, and how humans move. This made their paintings more realistic. The Medieval painters just wanted to hurry and get their painting completed because it was all about religion. In the renaissance, the painters tried to make them as realistic as possible because that is what they were interested in.

In the Renaissance painting, as you can tell there is a lot more value. This makes the painting look more realistic. This makes it look more realistic because without shadow the figures look flat and not real. The Renaissance artists had a lot of attention to detail. They studied and looked very closely at how shadow works. While the Medieval artists did not spend so much time looking and studying humans and shadow. The Renaissance painting differs in the amount of value. The painting has tons of value making it look very realistic. The Renaissance men tried to make everything realistic. The value in the painting is used to make the figures look 3D and living. While the Medieval painting uses some value it is not nearly as much as the Renaissance Painting. The value in the painting makes the two paintings look very different. The people in the Renaissance painting look very real because of the light reflecting off of them. While in the other painting there is no main light source, the entire painting is just bright. This makes it look flat and not as exciting as the other painting.

The Renaissance men as I said before studied and payed a lot of attention to how humans worked. The Renaissance men illegally cut open dead humans to see how they worked and moved. This made them understand what happens when a person moves a body part where. During the Renaissance it was all about making the paintings as realistic as possible. The medieval times just wanted to capture the image and did not pay much attention to how the human worked or looked.

The Renaissance artist were trying to capture what humans really looked like. They were humanists so they wanted the humans to look exactly how they look in the real world. They were trying to make the people look very realistic and alive. They added lots of shadows because it makes them look more real. The renaissance artists were still capturing religion, but not as fast and rough as the Medieval times. They actually took their time to make their beautiful masterpieces.

The Renaissance artists cut open dead humans to see how they moved. This helped them make the paintings look a lot more realistic. They also payed a lot more attention to detail such as value. They studied how the human moves, and what value does and what it is. They drew insides of people to see their bone, and muscle structure. This helped them draw very proportional, and realistic humans in their artwork.

Instead of the paintings looking flat, and having no depth the Renaissance artists started to pay attention to these things and make them realistic. The old paintings did not use value and you can tell they did not study humans. They simply thought what they would look like instead of actually studying them. The value and anatomy made the paintings look very realistic because they knew how the body worked and moved. This made the art work look more realistic.
When we cut open a fish and drew it, that helped me understand somewhat how the inside of a fish worked. We also learned a lot about value and how to use it. We did not do too much with anatomy but we did look somewhat at the anatomy of the human body and how many eyes go across the face, etc. This helped us because if now we try to draw a face, we know how long each section has to be.

I have learned how to incorporate value into my artwork. This makes my paintings look a lot more realistic and overall better. I now know how to pay really close attention to detail. This helps me make my paintings look more realistic. I have overall improved my art skills, and I hope to continue doing so.

 

 

Citations

South, Krystal. “Join Academia.edu & Share Your Research with the World.” Simone Martini, The Annunciation Altarpiece, 1333. Academia, 2006. Web. 29 Jan. 2014.

The Incredulity of Saint Thomas, by Caravaggio. 1601-02. Oil on canvas, 42 1/8 x 57 1/2 in. Neues Palais, Potsdam.

Unknown. “Annunciation by Simone Martini and Lippo Memmi.” Uffizi. Uffizi, 2013. Web. 30 Jan. 2014.

Annunciation by Simone Martini. c. 1333