Who Were The Surrealists?

Max Ernst

The Barbarians

The Barbarians (Above)

The hat makes the Man

The Hat Makes the Man (Above)

Celebes 1921 by Max Ernst 1891-1976

Celebs (Above)

The artists name is Max Ernst . He was born in 1891, Brühl, German empire. He passed away in 1976. Max Ernst served in WWI with an artillery squad before becoming a surrealist painter. His artwork is very interesting and I find it quite dreamlike. Some of his animals depicted look like ones from another world. In The Barbarians, the creatures look like they might be from a nightmare, and they are very interesting. I like how things transform into another object. It makes them interesting and makes you have to guess what they were trying to depict. Max Ernst mainly used oil paints, however what he paints on changes. Two aspects of surrealism are used in his artwork, location, and transformation. In the painting The Barbarians, the two creatures both are made up creatures and there is transformation, for example the arms and heads. Also, in The Hat Makes The Man, the hats transform into color, which attaches to another hat. All of the paintings seem to be in random locations where they should not be. Max Ernst was drafted to fight in world war I. He was part of an artillery squad for Germany. He survived the war however he was emotionally wounded. Like many other artists he turned to painting his feelings. Some of his paintings are somewhat scary for example The Barbarians. The painting contains two large monster like creatures fighting, I believe this painting is about war and the two monsters are countries fighting. I think after the war Ernst was more observant towards things and started to paint what he felt and thought. I like his artwork, it seems very surreal and dream like. I can see what he was trying to portray, or at least what I believe he is trying to portray. I like how you can decide for yourself what each painting is about. I find it interesting how he sees the world after his traumatic experience in WWI. I have seen some of his work and I was interested in his motives. I also liked his artwork and wanted to know how he did it.

Michael Joy

Michael Joy artowkr 3

A Moments Notice (Above)


Michael Joy artwork 2

Toast (Above)

Michael joy artwork 1

Evolution (Above)

Michael joy was born in the southwest United states in the late 1960’s. He was a dyslexic child and school was hard for him. He liked pottery at a young age in school. After high school he went on a trip to Africa and he was interested in photography. He went back to college in Chicago and started to like pottery. I like Michael’s artwork, it is simple but it still impacts me. I feel I know what he was trying to show the viewer of the artwork. I like the way the sculptures look and show the different things. For example, I like in A Moments Notice how the suitcase has a picture frame going through it. I see that traveling is like taking a new picture. His artwork is not dreamlike, it is more plain and simple. I like the way it is not too scary, or disturbing. Joy mainly uses catstone to make sculptures. He makes a mold for the catstone and pours it to fill the mold. He then removes it and takes out the sculpture. Sometimes he then uses acrylics, and polymer stains to color his sculptures. His artwork contains surreal factors in them. There is transformation going on in lots of his sculptures. For example in Toast the toaster is transforming into toast. This is a surreal thing. He uses this technique a lot in his other sculptures. Michael joy says that objects from the 1800’s to early 1900’s influence his artwork. He likes to make older looking artwork because he wants it to look like it has history. He likes things that have a history and look old. This was mainly his inspiration for his artwork. I like how plain and simple his artwork is. I feel like his work seems old which I like. The ideas are everyday things that happen which I think is cool. I chose this artist because I saw one of his sculptures and wondered what he wanted to say by it. I also like the look of lots of his sculptures when I visited his website.


Works Cited:

Michael Joy:

A Moments Notice:

Joy, Michael. A Moments Notice. N.d. Private Collection, n.p.


Joy, Michael. Evolution. N.d. Private Collection, n.p.


Joy, Michael. Toast. N.d. Private Collection, n.p.

Joy, Michael. “Michael Joy.” Michael Joy. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Sept. 2014. <http://michaeljoyart.com/>.


Max Ernst:

The Barbarians:

Ernst, Max. The Barbarians. 1937. Oil on Cardboard. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City.

The Hat Makes The Man:

Ernst, Max. The Hat Makes the Man. 1920. Gouache, pencil, oil, and ink on cut-and-pasted printed paper on paper. Museum of Modern Art, New York City.


Ernst, Max. Celebs. 1921. Oil paint on canvas. Tate, n.p.

The Art Story Contributors. “The Art Story.org – Your Guide to Modern Art.” Max Ernst Biography, Art, and Analysis of Works. The Art Story, n.d. Web. 07 Sept. 2014. <http://www.theartstory.org/artist-ernst-max.htm>.

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